Spices Board Vision & Mission

Spices Board of India was established in 1987 to develop, promote and regulate export of 52 spices and spice products that fall under its purview. It also engages in the promotion of production, processing, domestic marketing and export of cardamom (both small and large).

On 26 February 2022, Spices Board completed 35 glorious years in the service of the nation. Take a look at the zesty and flavourful journey of Spices Board through these years since its inception:


To sustain the leadership in global trade of spices & value added spice products, thereby contributing to the growth of agricultural exports from India


To become the international processing hub and premier supplier of clean, safe and value added spices & spices products to the industrial and retail segments of the global spices market

Marketing and Publicity

  • Spices exports crossed the 3.5 billion US $ mark with 15, 65,000 tons valued at Rs.27193.20 crores (US $3624.76 million) in 2020-21 compared to Rs. 298 Cr 0.7 lakh MT in 1987-88. This was an all-time record in terms of both volume and value. Strong export growth even during Covid-19 period - Growth of 30 per cent in volume, 23 per cent in value (Rs) & 17 per cent in USD terms in exports during 2020-21, over the previous year.

  • A strong network of more than 6600 registered exporters, of which around 600 are manufacturers. Many exporters are pioneer in value addition and high-end processing of spices in their field. India has over 51 per cent share of value addition in Spices exports.

  • The Spices Board has eight crop specific Spices Parks in major production/market centres in India to empower the farmers to get better price realization and wider markets for their produce. All the Spices Parks established have been designated as Food Parks / Mega Food Parks by the Ministry of Food Processing Industries. A total of 14,131.49 MT of spices were processed through the common processing units established at various Spices Parks and 649 MT of spices valued Rs.743.42 Lakhs were exported in 2020-21.

  • The auction system for small Cardamom was revived by introducing e-auction for better transparency and benefit of the growers. The system has streamlined the cardamom trade by increasing transparency in transactions and better price realization for the farmers. E-auction centres were established at Bodinayakanur in Tamil Nadu in August 2007 and Puttady , Idukki, Kerala in December 2007.

  • Spices Board has obtained the GI tags for Malabar Pepper, Alleppey Green Cardamom, Coorg Green Cardamom, Guntur Sannam Chilli and Byadagi Chilli.

  • The Board has successfully organized 13 editions of World Spice Congress (WSC), the conglomeration of the global spice industry, to deliberate the concerns and considerations of the sector over its three decades long presence. Organized with support from various trade and export forums. The World Spice Congress provides platform and opportunity to get to know the sector globally with the detailed deliberations and progressive approach. It covers the detailed deliberations on present Trade requirement, sustainability, quality and food safety initiatives, recent developments, concerns and future prospects are presented by the key players of the industry, viz. Producers, traders, processors, exporters and regulators from across the world for the benefit of the stakeholders and trade.

  • The Spices Board India Publishes monthly “Spice India “magazines in English, Hindi, Malayalam, Kannada, Tamil and Telugu to disseminate information related to the spice industry for benefit of its stakeholders.

  • Compilation and dissemination of information on daily market price of spices in the major markets through the publication ‘Spices Market’.

  • Timely intervention through various channels for promoting the cause of Indian spices internationally and initiatives to promote entrepreneurship opportunities in the industry.

  • Trade promotion of Indian spices through participation in the major national and international trade fairs in the major prospective, focussed countries during the last three decades.

  • The Board has strong initiative of organising BSM (Buyer Seller Meet) globally and nationally for the benefit of the producer and the buyers.

  • The Board Organises various Food safety training programs in the form of CTC (Collaborative training Cell) named as PCQI-HF (Preventive Control Qualified Individual for Human Food) to India Spices Exporters intended to US exports.

  • The Board also organises various EDP( Entrepreneurship Development Programs) for the new emerging and start-ups in the Spices trade for exports.


  • Implementation of Certified nursery schemes for small cardamom in Kerala, Karnataka and, Tamilnadu states and for large cardamom in North Eastern states was done by which quality planting materials were produced in farmers’ field and distributed to the growers. It results in higher production and productivity of cardamom in the country.

  • The five Departmental nurseries in Karnataka have been producing good quality planting materials of small cardamom, black pepper, clove, nutmeg etc and distributing to the farmers of Karnataka and nearby states which has highly benefited to the farmers of those states.

  • Implementation of Cardamom replanting/new planting scheme in small and large cardamom growing states of the country. It results in area expansion, higher production and productivity of cardamom and also helps in export of cardamom from the country.

  • Implementation of pepper production scheme under National Horticulture mission. As a result of implementing the project, black pepper production got quantum leap in the country.

  • Introduction of improved caradmom curing device for small cardamom and modified bhatti for large cardamom through scheme is one of the major achivements in improving quality of both cardamom which results in higher price for the farmers.

  • Financial assistance for purchase and installation of post harvest equipments like turmeric boiler, turmeric polisher, pepper thresher, seed spice thresher, mint distillation unit etc help farmers to improve quality of spices for export and getting better price for their produce.

  • Support to Spice producers society and FPOs which acts as a quality gap bridging group in the spice growing areas of the country for getting aggregation of spices produce for linkage with exporters/deemed exporters.

  • Rendering Extension service through technical advise to farmers and Quality improvement training to the farmers/ State Agri/Horti Officers/NGOs/FPOs accross the country addresses the major issues in quality concerns and also improves quality requirement of spices that are being exported and ultimately minimizes export rejections.

  • Implementation of irrigation structures, equipments, rain water harvesting storages in small and large caramom resulted in increased productivity by tiding over the drought situation in many years.

  • A sizable number of educated youths are trained as Spices Extension trainee by giving stipend accross the country who are contributing towards growth of spices production in their respective states/areas.


  • Conserved a total of 804 small cardamom accessions and 22 accessions of allied genera in the National Conservatory of Cardamom Germplasm at Myladumpara & Sakleshpur. Released eight high yielding cardamom selections/hybrids suitable for different cardamom growing zones through State/ Central Variety release committees viz.,ICRI-l, ICRI-2, ICRI-5, ICRI-6, ICRI-7 (for Kerala Zone),ICRI-3 & ICRI-8 (for Karnataka Zone)ICRI-4 (for Tamil Nadu Zone). The commercial cultivation of high yielding varieties released and elite clones identified under intensive management practices contributed substantial increase in production and productivity of cardamom.

  • A novel hybridization technique was developed in cardamom for assured pollination and obtaining increased capsule formation.

  • Passport Data sheets including Molecular Marker Data were prepared for small and large cardamom accessions under germplasm characterization programme. A variety specific molecular marker was generated for small cardamom Malabar cultivar.

  • Micropropagation systems were developed for Small cardamom, Large cardamom, Vanilla, Black pepper, Ginger, Turmeric, Tree spices viz-Clove, Garcinia, Tamarind, Curry leaf and Herbal spices viz. Oregano, Mint, Sage, Thyme and technologies were scaled up for large scale production and protocols were transferred on a MoU to Biotech firms for further utilization.

  • Package of practices covering various agro techniques such as nursery preparation, planting methods, nutrient management and judicious irrigation schedules were developed and transferred to the planters. An economic schedule of soil cum foliar application of fertilizers for cardamom has been formulated which results in 33% saving in fertilizer costs as compared to soil application.

  • ICRI had carried out the fertility mapping of 52 Panchayaths and one Municipality of Idukki district and has analysed 20000 number of soil samples for major, secondary and micro nutrients.

  • Fungicides were evaluated for the management of rot diseases in small cardamom. Evaluated the fungal and bacterial biocontrol agents for controlling capsule rot, rhizome diseases in small cardamom. These bioagents are being mass multiplied and supplied to farmers for the eco friendly management of rot diseases in small cardamom.

  • Plant Protection Code (PPC) for small & large cardamom was prepared and published.

  • Pesticide spray schedules for Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu cardamom plantations was formulated for effective management of major and minor pests in small cardamom.

  • New insecticide molecules were evaluated for the management of major insect pests in small cardamom. The Bio control method for root grub management in small cardamom using Entomo pathogenic nematodes (EPN) was successfully developed and EPN is being multiplied and supplied to the needy farmers.

  • Developing GAPs for cardamom has enabled to reduce the pesticides dose and rounds of pesticide application per season. It also helped to create awareness among the farming community on the ill effects of unscientific use of pesticides

  • Released two high yielding varieties: ICRI Sikkim 1 & ICRI Sikkim 2 by selection (yield potential 800 kg / ha) from Sawney cultivar. Germplasm conservatory established and 186 large cardamom accessions are being maintained at ICRI, Research farms at Pangthang (1990 mMSL) and Kabi (1620 m MSL).

  • Identified Chirke [Large cardamom chirke virus (LCCV)] and Foorkey [Cardamom bushy dwarf virus (CBDV) ] as major viral diseases causing enormous loss to the crop. Disease transmission mode, survival and management were worked out.

  • The Integrated Pest management (IPM) schedule for large cardamom was formulated for management of leaf caterpillar (Artona chorista Jordon), shoot fly (Merochlorops dimorphus Cherian), stem borer (Glyphipterix sp.) and white grub (Holotichia Spp.).

  • Pollinators of the large cardamom were enlisted and their frequency of visit was studied in different altitudes. The main pollinators recorded are bumble bees (Bombus haemorrhoidalis Smith) and (Bumbus breviceps Smith).

  • Improved Bhatti system by ICRI, RS, Gangtok, Sikkim was found to retain original colour and flavor of large cardamom capsules Updated the Package of Practices (POP) for small and large cardamom.


The main achievements of QEL, Spices Board for the year 2021-2022 can be detailed based on the samples received, parameter analyzed , analytical charges collected, technical traini ngs attended by staff, number of SC/ST trainee analysts trained and the laboratory accreditation being maintained.

  • During the year 2021-2022, QEL had continued to provide analytical services to the Indian Spice Industry and monitor the quality of spices produced and processed in the country.

  • QEL has received a total of 77,222 samples and tested 1,27,467 parameters out of which 1,14,848 were mandatory parameters. QEL had collected an amount of Rs.25,71,63,125/- as analytical charges.

  • Testing for Ethylene Oxide commenced from 07/02/2022 utilising the services of NABL accredited private labs. Pesticide analysis for Cumin exported to china started at QEL Kandla & Kochi from 15th Dec 2021. As on date QEL Kandla has anlaysed 138 consignment samples to China.

  • Two of our labs are in the process of applying for accreditation as per ISO/IEC 17025 . Quality Evaluation Laboratory at Spices Park, Jodhpur was inaugurated on 20/04/2022. Our technical staff had attended a total of 5 external training programmes.

  • QEL had also trained a total of 65 SC/ST trainee analysts. New equipment like LCMS-MS have been installed in QEL, Kochi,Chennai and Kolkata to strengthen its infrastructure for testing pesticide residue in spices for export.

Status of plans to strengthen analytical services for Guntur / Mumbai /Byadagi/NE region

  • QEL,Guntur is intending to extend its scope for testing for pesticide residues to meet the requirements of spice producers and exporters .Purchase of LCMSMS along with accessory equipment required for pesticide analysis is in progress.

  • Strengthening of QEL Mumbai infrastructure to commence testing Pesticide Residue and replace old equipment with latest versions is in the process.Quality Evaluation Laboratory, Mumbai is in process of purchasing 02 nos of HPLC systems and 01no of LC-MS/MS system. The Custom Bidding through GeM is at the completion stage .

  • Setting up of a Laboratory at Byadagi: Bydagi in Karnataka is well known for the superior quality of chillies, commonly known as ‘Bydagi chillies’, with high colour and moderate pungency. Bydagi chillies are mostly traded through the APMC market at Bydagi.
    The farmers, exporters and other stakeholders are of the opinion that the lack of testing facilities to highlight the quality of Bydagi chillies through internationally approved analysis prevents them from getting a better price for the product. Considering this requirement, APMC, through the Department of Agriculture marketing (DAM), Government of Karnataka approached Spices Board for assistance in setting up a laboratory. The Board has agreed to assist in setting up a quality evaluation laboratory and technical training for the personnel. Cost including terms and condictions for providing assistance is being finalised .

Proposal for Guwahati lab:

  • There is a strong demand & long pending issue for setting up of a Quality Evaluation Laboratory in the state of Assam and NE region from all the stakeholders right from growers, traders, exporters, NGO’s for quality analysis of traditional spices grown, as well as for ease of doing business of Spices from this region. As there is a scope and potential for export of spices from NE, setting up of Quality Evaluation Laboratory in Assam will make the process easy and convenient and it will benefit not only Assam but the entire NE region as a whole. Being the gate way of NE, Guwahati is the right place for setting up the laboratory for testing spices along with a Training center and Regional Office.
    In this regard Govt of Assam has allotted 2.43 Katha of land for the construction of Quality Evaluation Laboratory. Spices Board is in the process of preparing a Detailed Project Report (DPR) “Centre of Excellence for Testing Quality and Safety of Spices” for submission to Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Govt. of India, to mobilize fund under the scheme “Trade Infrastructure for Export Scheme” (TIES).

What is CRES and why a CRES is needed for export?

CRES stands for Certificate of Registration as Export of Spices. In case of export/import of Spices/Spice products, Certificate of Registration as Exporter of Spices issued by the Board is mandatory.

How can I apply for CRES and what is the fee for fresh application of CRES?

Kindly visit the Board's website https://www.indianspices.org.in/CRES_new/e-r-o/exporters-registration/form/Registration.php for information regarding CRES.

What is the procedure of making changes in CRES?

For any changes/modifications, the exporter should contact the nearest office of the board and there will be a fee of Rs. 5000+GST for each amendment/modification.

Is it mandatory to submit Quaterly Export Returns?

Yes, it is mandatory for all the exporters to submit the quaterly export returns regularly. The QER can be filled online.

How to check if the spices I am exporting falls under mandatory testing?

For information regarding mandatory sampling, please visit https://indianspices.com/trade/trade-notifications/notificationdetails.html?id=192 and for more information, exporter may contact the nearest Quality Evaluation Lab of Spices Board.

How do I do preshipment sampling?

All the registered exporters of the board will be provided with user ID & password. In case if user ID & password is not provided, please contact sampling.sb-ker@gov.in requesting to issue login and password based on their CRES number. Once after receiving the ID & password, you can do online filling of the intimation form by visiting www.indianspices.org.in

How to apply for cardamom dealer & auctioner license?

Please visit https://indianspices.com/marketing/auctioneer.html for Auctioner License and https://indianspices.com/marketing/dealer.html for dealer license.

How can I be a co-participant in the international exhibition with Spices Board?

The list of International Exhibition planned for the year is available on our website and interested exporters may contact publicity.sb-ker@gov.in for co-participation. Kindly visit https://indianspices.com/marketing/trade/trade-fairs.html for more information.

How can I subscribe for Foreign Trade Enquiry Bulletin?

FTEB is a fortnightly publication for the benefit of exporters which reproduces the trade enquiries gathered from various sources. Circulation is only via online mode and the rate is Rs.600 per annum. For more details, contact Publicity Department, Phone: 91- 484-2333610- 616 E-mail: publicity.sb-ker@gov.in

How can I get the information regarding marketing training programs of the Board?

Please visit https://indianspices.com/training-calendar.html.

What are the prerequisite documents required for CRES ?

Please visit https://www.indianspices.org.in/CRES_new/e-r-o/exporters-registration/form/pre.pdf

What is difference between merchant and manufacturer spice exporter ?

Merchant Exporter means a person engaged in trading activity by procuring the material from a manufacturer and exports in his firm's name. Manufacturer Exporter means a person who manufactures goods, add value to the prooucts by processing and exports or intends to export such goods are manufacturer exporter

What are the marketing schemes available for registered spices exporters with the Board

Please visit https://www.indianspices.com/sites/default/files/Export_Development_Promotion.pdf

Whom should I contact to know more related to spices export?

Please contact your nearest spices Board office. For details of officer please visit https://indianspices.com/trade/trade-notifications/notificationdetails.html?id=203

Where do I get spices export and import data of last 5 years?

Please visit https://www.indianspices.com/export/major-itemwise-export.html and https://www.indianspices.com/marketing/import.html

What is background and purpose of establishment of Spices Board?

Spices Board, the statutory organization constituted on 26th February 1987, under the Spices Board Act 1986 with the merger of the erstwhile Cardamom Board and Spices Export Promotion Council under the Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Government of India, is responsible for the export promotion of the 52 scheduled spices and development and research of cardamom (small and large). Spices Board is the flagship organization for the development and worldwide promotion of Indian spices. The Board has been spearheading activities for the excellence of Indian spices, so as to help the Indian spice industry in attaining the vision of becoming the international processing hub and premier supplier of clean and value added spices and herbs to the industrial, retail and food service segments of the global spices market.

What are the major functions of Spices Board?

The Spices Board is responsible for the overall development of cardamom (small and large) in terms of improving production, productivity and quality. The Board is also implementing post-harvest improvement programmes for improving quality of the 52 scheduled spices for export. The various development programmes and post-harvest quality improvement programmes of the Board are included under the head ‘Export Oriented Production’.

Which are the assistance available for Spice Growers from Spices Board?

During 2021-22 to 2025-26, Board will be providing assistance for planting material production, replanting and irrigation facilities to cardamom (small & large); supply of postharvest improvement equipments, promotion of organic farming, production of exportable spices in NE Region, support for FPOs for post-harvest and quality improvement of spices, promotion of innovations in spices sector, establishment of basic quality testing device at field level, insurance for cardamom (small). For specific details please visit the link for more details.

Which are the documents necessary for availing assistance from Spices Board?

Aadhar Card, Land Tax Receipt/ Parcha/RTC/Chitta adangal/Pani of the plantation, Bank Passbook and other relevent supporting documents specific to schemes in the regions concerned. Kindly contact our nearby field office to get more information.

Whom to be contacted for availing assistance and how to locate the respective office under which the area of a farmer falls?

Contact the Officer in charge of the respective Office of Spices Board for getting the details and Boards offices can be located by visiting the link For any guidance Head Office, Spices Board, Kochi, Kerala also can be contacted.

Where can I find the list of Spice Suppliers?

Kindly follow the link for supplier details of spices. click here

Where can I get the details on Cost of Cultivation of Small and Large cardamom?

Kindly visit the following link for more details

Which are spices growing regions/states in India?

Kindly visit the link for more details

Names of spices crops having GI tagging.

Malabar Pepper, Coorg Green Cardamom, Allepy Green Cardamom, Naga Mirchi, Guntur Sannam Chilli, Byadgi Chilli, Sikkim Large cardamom, Mizo chilli, Assam Karbianglong Ginger, Waigon turmeric, Kandhamal Haldi, Uttarakhand Tezpat, Bhiwapur Chilli, Kashmir Saffron and Sirarakhong chilli, Dalle Kurchani and Kanniyakumari Clove.
Out of these Malabar Pepper, Coorg Green Cardamom, Alleppey Green Cardamom, Guntur Sannam Chilli and Byadagi Chiili are registered under the proprietorship of Spices Board.

Which are the spices commercially cultivated in NE states?

Large cardamom, Chilli, Ginger, Turmeric, Cinnamon and Black pepper

Harvest calendar of Major spices.

Kindly visit the link for details.

What is meant by the mandatory export inspection?

The process of ensuring the safety and quality of consignments of spices for the specified parameters before the export.

What is the criteria for notifying the spices under mandatory export inspection ?.

The spices for mandatory inspection are selected based on the occurrence of rejections or alerts on food safety and quality of spices in the international market and the agreements with importing countries

What is the criteria for notifying the parameters of analysis for mandatory export inspection ?.

The parameters for mandatory inspection are selected based on the occurrence of rejections or alerts on food safety and quality of spices in the international market and the agreements with importing countries.

How do the laboratories ensure the quality of analytical service?

All the QELs are equipped with state of art facilities and follow methods of analysis on par with international standards. The technical staff is well trained in the latest advancement in the field to ensure continuous improvement. The QELs are ISO 17025 (NABL) acreditted and constantly take part in national and international interlaboratory check sample programs and proficiency testing programs to self-assess the quality of analytical service.

How do the laboratories ensure the impartiality and confidentiality of analytical service?

Being a regulatory body, the laboratories do not involve in any spice business. The laboratories have well-defined policies and an internal mechanism of coding/decoding in place to ensure confidentiality and impartiality in the process of analysis.

What are the test performed in QEL?

Kindly visit www.indianspices.com (Quality – Analytical Services and Fee)

What is the sample size required and how many days it took for the analysis?

Kindly visit www.indianspices.com (Quality – Analytical Services and Fee)

What is the testing cost for each parameter ?

Kindly visit www.indianspices.com (Quality – Analytical Services and Fee)

Whether the Spices Board's Labs are NABL accredited?

Kindly visit www.indianspices.com (Quality- Quality Evaluation Laboratory)

Are there any training programs conducted by QELs?

Training organized for Exporters and Students from Universities and Colleges based on the request and number of candidates applied for.

Does the lab have high end machines for testing ?

Kindly visit www.indianspices.com (Quality- Quality Evaluation Laboratory)

Whom we need to contact for submission of sample and getting test results ?

The customer/Exporter has to contact the corresponding EPO/AD/DD of the Marketing office attached to Lab.

Which parameters fall under mandatory sampling and testing and respective permissible limits?

Please refer Spices Board, Circular No 19/2020 dated 31st December 2020, https://www.indianspices.com/indianspices/trade/trade-notifications/notificationdetails.html?id=192

What is ISO/IEC 17025 and its importance?

The Technical Competency and Test report's Reliability and Accuracy is assessed by an Independent Accreditation body which is accredited internationally and hence the report generated by the Lab with ISO/IEC 17025 Accreditation is accepted world wide.

Whether fresh forms of samples are tested in QELs?

No,since the lab is testing only Spices &Spices products which are in dried form,is only accepted for testing.

How can I send the samples and what packing is needed for Microbiological analysis?

Kindly visit www.indianspices.com (Quality – Analytical Services and Fee-Note part and samples for Microbiological testing to be send in aseptic,clean and sterile pouches/containeers)

Can I send one sample in one packet for Physical, Chemical and Biological testing ?

For Physical and Chemical testing parameters,one sample and for Microbiology sample analysis,aseptically packed sample as per sample size shown in the Form 75 under Analytical service of QUALITY from www.indianspices.com may be referred.

What is the procedure to export chilli to a foreign country?

Kindly visit our website https://www.indianspices.org.in/CRES_new/e-r-o/exporters-registration/form/Registration.php.

How to make payment for performing analysis?

Kindly visit https://www.indianspices.com/analytical-services-fees.html

Whether sample is received or not?

Contact respective Sample Reciept Desk.

Whether the analysis is complete or not?

After completing the analysis email communication will be sent , if email address is not updated please contact respective QEL/SRD for further guidance

How much time will it take to get the report?

Time duration will vary with parameter, for more details please visit https://www.indianspices.com/analytical-services-fees.html

What is the main objectives ICRI?

The main objective of Research at Indian Cardamom Research Institute (ICRI) is to increase the productivity and improve the quality of cardamom (both small & large) which would thereby help in meeting the export demand thus enhancing the net income of spice farmers. Research is mainly focused on small cardamom growing tracts of Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu as well as large cardamom growing regions of North East States including Kalimpong and Darjeeling districts of West Bengal.

What are the major areas of research at ICRI?

Major areas of research are Crop Improvement, Biotechnology, Crop Production & Management, and Crop Protection & Transfer of Technology. Crop Improvement programmes consist of germplasm conservation, varietal improvement through selection & hybridisation.

What are transfer of technology and farmer-oriented programmes undertaken by ICRI?

1.Bio agent production 2.Planting material distribution 3.Spice Clinics 4.Soil test based advisory services 5.Scientific crop advisory Services 6.Short term training programmes 7.Weather forecasting services to stakeholders

How a farmer can avail the soil testing service at ICRI?

Soil samples received from the cardamom growers will be analysed for all major, secondary, micro nutrients and pH and the soil health card which include fertiliser recommendation will be given. This service is provided free of cost for the benefit of cardamom growers

What are the quality planting materials available at ICRI?

Supply of quality planting materials of cardamom and black pepper is provided to the farmers. On demand from farmers. Cardamom suckers are supplied during May to September. Cardamom seeds are supplied during August to October. Cardamom seedlings are supplied during March to May Black Pepper are supplied during June to November

What is the cost for planting materials supplied from ICRI?

Kerala. 1. Cardamom: Rs.50/- persucker 2.. Black Pepper: Specific Varieties – Rs.15/- per plant Karnataka 1.Cardamom seeds (for Karnataka): Rs.5000/Kg 2. Cardamom seeds scarification Rs.60/Kg 3.Cardamom seedlings –Rs.15/- per Seedling 4. Black Pepper: Rs.15/- per rooted cutting

What are the short-term training programmes conducted by ICRI?

1. Cardamom production technology. 2. EPN Production and application technology 3.Production and usage of Bioagents (Trichoderma and Pseudomonas)

Is there any opportunity at ICRI to do internship for UG/ PG students? If so what is the fees towards the same?

Yes.The fees towards internship for UG/ PG students (1 month) is Rs 3000/-

Is there any opportunity at ICRI to do project for PG Students? If so, what is the fees towards the same?

Yes. The fees towards doing project for PG Students at ICRI for 3 months is Rs.5000/- (For Biotech the rate is Rs.7500/-). The fees towards doing project for 6 months are Rs. 7500/- (For Biotech students the rate is Rs.10,000/-).

What are the major monsoon diseases in small cardamom?

Capsule rot and rhizome rot diseases

How can these diseases be controlled?

This disease can be controlled by following methods; 1. Shade regulation before onset of monsoon 2.Trashing of the plants 3. Avoid stagnation of water in the plant base 4.Spraying of 1%Bordeaux Mixture and drenching of copper oxy chloride 0.2 % (20 gram in 100 liters of water)

What are the viral diseases in small cardamom?

Katte, Nilgiri necrosis and Kokke Kandu

What are the major biocontrol agents used for the management of rot diseases in Small Cardamom?

Trichoderma harzianum, Pseudomonas fluorescence, Bacillus subtilis are the bioagents used for management of rot diseases in small cardamom.

When does the Fusarium disease occur and what are the control measures?

The Fusarium disease will occur in the post monsoon and up to the end of summer months. This disease can be controlled by following methods 1. After monsoon season soil work may undertaken 2. Cover the exposed root with top soil 3. Proper mulch can be provided 4.Proper irrigation may be given wherever necessary5. Provide adequate shade wherever required

What are the major pests in small cardamom?.

Thrips, Capsule and Shoot borer

What are the insecticides applying in small cardamom that are registered under Central Insecticide Board (CIB) and Registration committee (RC)?

Quinalphos, Difenthiuron and Lambda cyhalothrin

How we can control root grub incidence in small cardamom?

Application of Entomo Pathogenic Nematode (EPN) multiplied around the plant base in each plant will effectively control root grub incidence in small cardamom

What are the symptoms of nematode infestation in small cardamom?

Rosette appearance in the leaf, leathery and narrow leaf, poor growth performance in the tillers and appearing of the node in the roots are the symptoms of nematode infestation in small cardamom